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The impetus for the requirement was partisan fairness.Andrew Hacker explains in his 1964 book Many of the states, therefore, elected all of their representatives on a statewide, or at-large, basis.And it is intensifying the debate about whether conservatives who now control Washington will honor their pledge to respect states’ rights, even when states pursue policies out of step with the Republican agenda.

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Forcing companies to provide paid sick leave, however, would reduce employee control.In 1842, six states were electing representatives at-large and twenty-two states were electing representatives by single-member district. First Requirement for Single-Member Districts This arrangement changed with an apportionment act in 1842 (5 Stat. This act set the House membership at 223 members and contained a requirement for single-member districts.It stated that representatives "should be elected by districts composed of contiguous territory equal in number to the number of representatives to which said state may be entitled, no one district electing more than one representative." Thus single-member districts were officially instituted by Congress.Section II of Article 1 of the Constitution states "The House of Representatives shall be composed of Members chosen every second year by the People of the several States....Representatives...shall be apportioned among the several States which may be included within this Union, according to their respective Numbers." The Constitution did not, however, specify the manner in which representatives are to be apportioned -- only that there be a certain number of representatives from each state.James Madison wrote in Federalist Paper Number 56, "divide the largest state into ten or twelve districts and it will be found that there will be no peculiar interests...which will not be within the knowledge of the Representative of the district." Nevertheless, most of the original thirteen states used multi-member districts in the first congressional elections; none of course used proportional systems, which had yet to be developed.